Research

State of Play

Explore the national and state-by-state impact of the casino gaming industry, as well as key regulatory and statutory requirements in each state.

  • Number of Casinos 11

  • Economic Impact $491.2 Million

  • Jobs Supported 4,275

  • Tax Impact & Tribal Revenue Share $59.5 Million

  • Gross Gaming Revenue $243.8 Million (2016)

Size of circle indicates number of casinos in the area.

All location data is as of Dec. 31, 2021.

North Dakota has tribal-state gaming compacts with five tribes:

  • Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe;
  • Spirit Lake Tribe;
  • Standing Rock Sioux;
  • Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara); and
  • Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians.

The five tribal-state compacts are substantially similar. The compacts allow for Class III gaming including: electronic games of chance, blackjack, poker, pari-mutuel wagering, sports and Calcutta pools, pull-tabs or breakopen tickets, raffles, keno, punchboards, paddlewheels, craps and roulette.

There are no limits on the amount of machines, tables or other gaming devices tribes may operate. There are some limits on wagers for individual games, described in Section 3.2 of the compacts.

Tribal councils will license, operate and regulate all Class III gaming activities. Tribal gaming commissions are tasked with day-to-day regulation of all tribal gaming activities. The state also serves a limited role in regulation of tribal gaming in North Dakota.

All five of the compacts went into effect in 2013 and are set to run for 10 years. The compacts can be automatically renewed for terms of 10 years after written notice during the final year of compact term.

AVAILABLE GAMING LICENSES
Provider of Class III Gaming Equipment or Supplies License
Management Company License

For more information on available gaming licenses, see Regulatory Fact Sheet.

REVENUE SHARE
Tribes in North Dakota do not share revenue generated by Class III gaming with the state.

TAX PROMOTIONAL CREDITS
No

WITHHOLDINGS ON WINNINGS
Whenever required by federal law to issue an IRS Form W2G, the tribe has to also provide a copy of the same report to North Dakota.

TRIBAL USE OF REVENUE
At least 10 percent of revenue from tribal gaming operations must be used on tribal programs for economic development and social welfare. Tribes must provide annual reports to the state detailing the designated usage of economic development funds

STATUTORY FUNDING REQUIREMENT
Not required by compact, but compact does note voluntary donations.

SELF-EXCLUSION
Compacts do not require tribes to set up self-exclusion programs.

COMPLIMENTARY ALCOHOLIC DRINKS
Must comply with state liquor laws. Some reservations are dry.

ADVERTISING RESTRICTIONS
None

ON-PREMISE DISPLAY REQUIREMENT
None

AGE RESTRICTIONS
Persons must be 21 years of age to participate in Class III gaming.

OPERATION ON HOLIDAYS
Yes

TESTING REQUIREMENTS
Electronic gaming machines and bill acceptors must be certified by an independent testing laboratory.

ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING REQUIREMENTS
Federal compliance requirements under the Bank Secrecy Act.

SHIPPING REQUIREMENTS
Federal shipping requirements under the Johnson Act apply.

RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS
Yes

CREDIT OFFERED TO PATRONS
No

AUTHORIZED OPERATORS
Tribal casinos

MOBILE/ONLINE
No

TAX RATE
N/A

INITIAL LICENSING FEE
N/A

LICENSE RENEWAL FEE
N/A

AMATEUR RESTRICTIONS
None

OFFICIAL DATA MANDATE
None

INTEGRITY FEE
None