North Dakota has tribal-state gaming compacts with five tribes:
- Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe;
- Spirit Lake Tribe;
- Standing Rock Sioux;
- Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara); and
- Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians.
The five tribal-state compacts are substantially similar. The compacts allow for Class III gaming including: electronic games of chance, blackjack, poker, pari-mutuel wagering, sports and Calcutta pools, pull-tabs or breakopen tickets, raffles, keno, punchboards, paddlewheels, craps and roulette.
There are no limits on the amount of machines, tables or other gaming devices tribes may operate. There are some limits on wagers for individual games, described in Section 3.2 of the compacts.
Tribal councils will license, operate and regulate all Class III gaming activities. Tribal gaming commissions are tasked with day-to-day regulation of all tribal gaming activities. The state also serves a limited role in regulation of tribal gaming in North Dakota.
All five of the compacts originally went into effect in 2013, with 10 year terms. New amendments to the compacts were approved and went into effect on December 19, 2022. The compacts can be automatically renewed after an initial 10 year term for subsequent terms of 10 years after written notice during the final year of compact term.
AVAILABLE GAMING LICENSES
Provider of Class III Gaming Equipment or Supplies License
Management Company License
For more information on available gaming licenses, see Regulatory Fact Sheet.
Tribes in North Dakota do not share revenue generated by Class III gaming with the state.
TAX PROMOTIONAL CREDITS
WITHHOLDINGS ON WINNINGS
Whenever required by federal law to issue an IRS Form W2G, the tribe has to also provide a copy of the same report to North Dakota.
TRIBAL USE OF REVENUE
At least 10 percent of revenue from tribal gaming operations must be used on tribal programs for economic development and social welfare. Tribes must provide annual reports to the state detailing the designated usage of economic development funds
STATUTORY FUNDING REQUIREMENT
Not required by compact, but compact does note voluntary donations.
Compacts do not require tribes to set up self-exclusion programs.
COMPLIMENTARY ALCOHOLIC DRINKS
Must comply with state liquor laws. Some reservations are dry.
ON-PREMISE DISPLAY REQUIREMENT
Persons must be 19 years of age to participate in Class III gaming.
OPERATION ON HOLIDAYS
Electronic gaming machines and bill acceptors must be certified by an independent testing laboratory.
ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING REQUIREMENTS
Federal compliance requirements under the Bank Secrecy Act.
Federal shipping requirements under the Johnson Act apply.
RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS
CREDIT OFFERED TO PATRONS
CASHLESS GAMING & ALTERNATIVE PAYMENTS
Yes. However, cryptocurrency is not currently accepted as a form of payment for gambling transactions.
Tribes are permitted to conduct mobile sports betting within the boundaries of their reservations.
INITIAL LICENSING FEE
LICENSE RENEWAL FEE
TAX ON PROMOTIONAL CREDITS
Must be 19 years old.
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