• advocacy

    Tribal Gaming

    Since the passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) in 1988, tribal gaming has become an integral component of the United States gaming industry.

    A Vital Sector Supporting Tribes and Local Communities

    The tribal gaming industry has grown from the small bingo halls of the late 1970s to the global event centers with thousands of slot machines, table games and hotel rooms seen today. As of Q4 2021, 250 tribes operate 515 tribal casinos or other gaming locations across the country, and prior to the pandemic, tribal gaming generated 44 percent of all annual gaming revenue in the United States. With the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) in 2018, 45 tribes across 16 states now also offer legal and regulated sports betting.

    This tremendous growth has enabled tribal gaming operators to invest directly back into tribal communities, providing diverse career opportunities, supporting local businesses, and funding critical tribal government programs and initiatives. The AGA is committed to partnering with our member tribes as they continue to provide key economic benefits and jobs to their communities.

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    Off-Reservation Gaming

    AGA drives consensus around common cause issues that impact tribal and commercial casinos as well as suppliers. AGA fully supports tribal gaming that is located on or near tribal lands that are within the historical and current territory of the tribe operating such gaming and is operated in accordance with all applicable laws.

    However, locating tribal gaming facilities “off-reservation” in areas where a tribe has limited, or no, historical connections and is not in reasonable geographic proximity to a tribe’s existing land or population base alters the characteristics and intent of tribal government gaming. Therefore, AGA supports the incorporation of more transparency and additional bright-line standards into the U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs’ approval processes. Such standards should require a tribe to have both historical and geographic connections to the land they are seeking to acquire for off-reservation gaming.